Friday, 13 July 2012

14th july

Events of 14th july

13th july

Events of 13th july

Wednesday, 11 July 2012

12th july

EVENTS OF THE DAY

  • 927Æthelstan, King of England, secures a pledge from Constantine II of Scotland that the latter will not ally with Viking kings, beginning the process of unifying Great Britain.
  • 1191Third Crusade: Saladin's garrison surrenders to Philip Augustus, ending the two-year siege of Acre.
  • 1493Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle, one of the best-documented early printed books, is published.
  • 1543 – King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
  • 1561Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow is consecrated.
  • 1562 – Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
  • 1580 – The Ostrog Bible, one of the early printed Bibles in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1690Battle of the Boyne (Julian calendar) – The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.
  • 1691Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) – The decisive victory of William III of England's forces in Ireland.
  • 1789 – French revolutionary and radical journalist Camille Desmoulins gave a speech in response to the dismissal of Jacques Necker France's finance minister the day before. The speech called the citizens to arms and led to the Storming of the Bastille two days later.
  • 1790 – The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Constituent Assembly.
  • 1799Ranjit Singh conquers Lahore and becomes Maharaja of The Punjab (Sikh Empire) .
  • 1801French Revolutionary Wars: British Royal Navy ships inflict heavy damage against Spanish and French ships in the Second Battle of Algeciras.
  • 1804 – Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies a day after being shot in a duel.
  • 1806 – Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • 1806Liechtenstein was given full sovereignty after its accession to the Confederation of the Rhine .
  • 1812War of 1812: the United States invade Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
  • 1843Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, received a revelation regarding polygamy.
  • 1862 – The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress.
  • 1879 – The National Guards Unit of Bulgaria is founded.
  • 1913Second Balkan War: Serbian forces begin their siege of the Bulgarian city of Vidin; the siege is later called off when the war ends.
  • 1917 – The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1918 – The Japanese Imperial Navy battleship Kawachi blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
  • 1920 – The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty is signed. Soviet Russia recognises independent Lithuania.
  • 1932Hedley Verity takes a cricket world record 10 wickets for 10 runs in a county match for Yorkshire
  • 1943World War II: Battle of ProkhorovkaGerman and Soviet forces engage in the largest tank engagement of all time.
  • 1948Arab–Israeli War: Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders the explusion of Palestinians from the towns of Lod and Ramla.
  • 1960Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1961Pune floods due to failure of the Khadakwasla and Panshet dams. Half of Pune is submerged, more than 100,000 families need to be relocated and the death tally exceeds 2,000.
  • 1962The Rolling Stones perform their first ever concert, at the Marquee Club in London.
  • 1967 – The Newark riots began in Newark, New Jersey.
  • 1970 – A fire consumes the wooden home of Norwegian composer Geirr Tveitt and irretrievably destroys about 90 percent of his output.
  • 1971 – The Australian Aboriginal flag is flown for the first time.
  • 1973 – A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1975São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
  • 1979 – The island nation of Kiribati becomes independent from Great Britain.
  • 1979 – Disco Demolition Night at Comiskey Park Chicago, IL
  • 2006 – The Hezbollah initiate Operation True Promise.
  • 2007 – U.S. Army Apache helicopters perform airstrikes in Baghdad, Iraq; footage from the cockpit is later leaked to the Internet.
  • 11th july

    EVENTS TOOK PLACE ON TODAY


  • 472 – After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius is captured in the Old St. Peter's Basilica and put to death.
  • 911 – Signing of the Treaty of Saint Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
  • 1302Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) – a coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's royal army.
  • 1346Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1405Ming admiral Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time.
  • 1476Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
  • 1533Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry VIII of England.
  • 1576Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
  • 1616Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
  • 1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that dwarf planet Pluto moved inside the orbit of Neptune for the last time before 1979.
  • 1740Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
  • 1750Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.
  • 1776 – Captain James Cook begins his third voyage.
  • 1789Jacques Necker is dismissed as France's Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille.
  • 1796 – The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
  • 1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1801 – French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons made his first comet discovery. In the next 27 years he discovered another 36 comets, more than any other person in history.
  • 1804A duel occurs in which the Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
  • 1833Noongar Australian aboriginal warrior Yagan, wanted for the murder of white colonists in Western Australia, is killed.
  • 1848Waterloo railway station in London opens.
  • 1864American Civil War: Battle of Fort Stevens; Confederate forces attempt to invade Washington, D.C..
  • 1882 – The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
  • 1889Tijuana, Mexico, is founded.
  • 1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • 1893 – A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • 1895 – The Lumière brothers demonstrate film technology to scientists.
  • 1897Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to attempt to reach the North Pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
  • 1906 – The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
  • 1914Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major League Baseball.
  • 1919 – The eight-hour working day and free Sunday become law in the Netherlands.
  • 1920 – In the East Prussian plebiscite the local populace decides to remain with Weimar Germany
  • 1921 – A truce is called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
  • 1921 – Former U.S. President William Howard Taft is sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
  • 1921 – The Red Army captures Mongolia from the White Army and establishes the Mongolian People's Republic.
  • 1922 – The Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • 1930 – Australian cricketer Donald Bradman scores a world record 309 runs in one day, on his way to the highest individual Test innings of 334, during a Test match against England.
  • 1936 – The Triborough Bridge in New York, New York is opened to traffic.
  • 1940World War II: Vichy France regime is formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1943Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • 1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of SicilyGerman and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
  • 1947 – The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
  • 1950Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank.
  • 1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III.
  • 1960 – Independence of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger.
  • 1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
  • 1960 – Congo Crisis: The State of Katanga breaks away from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
  • 1962 – Project Apollo: At a press conference, NASA announces Lunar Orbit Rendezvous as the means to land astronauts on the Moon, and return them to Earth.
  • 1971Copper mines in Chile are nationalized.
  • 1972 – The first game of the World Chess Championship 1972 between challenger Bobby Fischer and defending champion Boris Spassky starts.
  • 1973Varig Flight 820 crashes near Paris, France on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 of the 134 on-board.
  • 1977Martin Luther King, Jr. is posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
  • 1978Los Alfaques Disaster: A truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
  • 1979 – America's first space station, Skylab, is destroyed as it re-enters the Earth's atmosphere over the Indian Ocean.
  • 1983 – A Boeing 737 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
  • 1990Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1991 – A Nationair DC-8 crashes during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261.
  • 1995 – A Cubana de Aviación Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
  • 2006209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India
  • Tuesday, 10 July 2012

    10th july

    10th july is the 191st day of the year


  • 48 BCBattle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
  • 138 – Emperor Hadrian dies after a heart failure at Baiae; he is buried at Rome in the Tomb of Hadrian beside his late wife, Vibia Sabina.
  • 988 – Norse King Glun Iarainn recognises Máel Sechnaill II, High King of Ireland, and agrees to pay taxes and accept Brehon Law; the event is considered to be the founding of the city of Dublin.
  • 1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
  • 1460Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeats the king's Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
  • 1499 – Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho returns to Lisbon, after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama.
  • 1553Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.
  • 1584William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.
  • 1645English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place.
  • 1778American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1789Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Mackenzie River delta.
  • 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
  • 1821 – The United States takes possession of its newly bought territory of Florida from Spain.
  • 1832U.S. President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
  • 1850Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term.
  • 1877 – The then-villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • 1882War of the Pacific: Chile suffers its last military defeat in the Battle of La Concepción when a garrison of 77 men is annihilated by a 1,300-strong Peruvian force, many of them armed with spears.
  • 1890Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
  • 1911 – The Royal Australian Navy was established by HM King George V of Australia.
  • 1913Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
  • 1921Belfast's Bloody Sunday: 16 people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • 1925Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
  • 1938Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.
  • 1940World War II: the Vichy government is established in France.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain – The German Luftwaffe begins attacking British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested, though).
  • 1941Jedwabne Pogrom: the massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
  • 1942Diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 1942 – World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics.
  • 1946Hungarian hyperinflation sets a record with inflation of 348.46 percent per day, or prices doubling every eleven hours.
  • 1947Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor-General of Pakistan by British Prime Minister Clement Attlee.
  • 1951Korean War: Armistice negotiations begin at Kaesong.
  • 1962Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
  • 1966 – The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people came to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter Paul and Mary.
  • 1967Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1968Maurice Couve de Murville becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1971Hassan II of Morocco survives an attempted coup d'état, which lasts until June 11.
  • 1973 – The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1973 – National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh.
  • 1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of oil magnate J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
  • 1976 – The Seveso disaster occurs in Italy.
  • 1976 – One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
  • 1978 – President Moktar Ould Daddah of Mauritania is ousted in a bloodless coup d'état.
  • 1980Alexandra Palace burns down for a second time.
  • 1985Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand harbour by French DGSE agents, killing Fernando Pereira.
  • 1991 – The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.
  • 1992 – In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
  • 1997 – In London scientists report the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supports the "out of Africa theory" of human evolution placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
  • 1997 – Partido Popular (Spain) member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
  • 1998Roman Catholic sex abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by former priest Rudolph Kos.
  • 2000 – A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.
  • 2000 – EADS, the world's second-largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
  • 2002 – At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Thomson.
  • 2003 – A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest traffic accident to date in Hong Kong.
  • 2005Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.
  • 2006Pakistan International Flight PK-688 crashes in Multan, Pakistan, shortly after takeoff, killing all 45 people on board.
  • 2008Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all charges by a United Nations Tribunal accusing him of war crimes.
  • 2011 – Russian cruise ship Bulgaria sunk in Volga near Syukeyevo, Tatarstan, leading to 122 deaths.